Changing kata

Recently a colleague posed the following question:

Do you "purists" for lack of a better term believe that the small minute changes make that much difference? If miyagi stepped here rather than there, had his foot pointed this way rather than that or whatever will actually change the bulk of what the kata was designed to teach?

An interesting question. A lot of people adopt quite a "fundamentalist" view of traditional martial arts, where I think technical deconstruction reveals a great deal of "flexibility" in terms of how particular moves should be performed.

For example in shisochin there is a sequence of 4 moves where you do a gedan barai (downward sweeping block) followed by a teisho uchi (palm heel strike).

My brother Nenad demonstrates an "entering" application of the shisochin "teisho" sequence at our 1993 festival

In all but one instance (the 3rd) the "teisho" moves are evasive in the sense that you are moving away from an attack, rather than moving in1. In this sense shisochin is quite unusual as most goju kata techniques move into an attack, not away. Even the gekisai kata move into an attack for the most part (consider the opening move which is a forward angled evasion, although the closing moves are clearly "retreating"). For that matter, a similiar technique in taiji - brush knee - reverses the arms and moves into the attack.

Which is better - entering (sometimes called "slowing the attack" - because the attack is caught before it reaches full speed) or retreating (sometimes called "speeding the attack" because the attack is allowed to reach full speed and exhaust itself)? There is room for both.

So what if you performed all of the 4 shisochin teisho uchi with "retreating" steps? Actually I often do. Why? I like it - it flows better. You can even isolate the sequence into a drill - like the happo one demonstrated below:

Conversely you do a happo comprising 4 "advancing" moves - just as you could change the 3 "retreating" steps I've referred to into "advancing" ones to "rationalise" the kata (on one view it might be considered "more consistent" with advanced gojuryu).

But would I recommend changing the kata formally with respect to the "teisho" sequence? No. Not because of any fundamentalist worship of what I've been taught - but because it is like a classic poem; not "perfect" but thought provoking. I am also aware that I haven't fully understood the intention of the designer nor the applications of the kata techniques.

I see a lot of people changing things and losing some aspect or nuance. Because the change was done rashly, history in that dojo is "rewritten" and knowledge is lost.

So I don't favour changing moves formally. But "changing" them for certain purposes or individuals - indeed, yes.

[The pictures to the above right show Nenad performing the teisho technique in free sparring.]


1. The teisho sequence is illustrated in the animated gif at the start of this article. The first gedan barai/teisho is performed after a 180 degree spin and a step back with the right leg. The second gedan barai/teisho is performed after another 180 degree spin and a step across with the left leg which corresponds with the previous retreating dynamic. The third gedan barai/teisho however involves a step with the left leg to the left (instead of utilising the previous retreating dynamic and moving the right leg back to make the 90 degree turn). The fourth gedan barai/teisho is again performed after a 180 degree spin and a step across with the left leg.

Copyright © 2008 Dejan Djurdjevic


  1. Is this the same Dan D that posts to the forums at ?

    You have very interesting points of view over there. Some controversial however they do all tend to draw my interest.

  2. This comment has been removed by the author.

  3. Indeed JP - I am the very same Dan D.

    I'm glad to provoke a bit of discussion!

    Well done with - a pleasure to be part of that community.

    All the best



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